BY EYNULLA FATULLAYEV
In the last ten years, not only internal, but also foreign policy of small Kyrgyzstan has been shaking with fever. This country of the strategic Central Asian region got stuck in a whirlpool of political upheavals and economic disasters, and lost in its own foreign policy orientations. And maybe, it was this confusion that caused a series of political upheavals, which actually caused the self-destruction of a rather conditional Kyrgyz statehood?
Problems with China, disputes with Uzbekistan
Kyrgyzstan was simply unable to determine the relations with its large and powerful neighbor China, despite significant territorial concessions that the official Bishkek was forced to make in return for direct investments of Chinese capital. People must somehow be fed. And the more it is necessary to provide the country with basic electricity, roads and infrastructure.
But this did not prevent Kyrgyzstan, again for money, to give the Americans a military base on its territory. Yes, while maintaining the strategic partnership with China and being a member of the SCO (Shanghai Cooperation Organization). And in 2009, Bishkek could not resist the temptation to take about $2 billion from Russia for the closure of that very same base. Money was received, promise forgotten, and the base kept.
With neighboring Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan has long been in a state of a cold war. Two Osh wars, 52 disputed points along the border, and unconcealed transnational hostility lead to permanent wars on the border and numerous victims.
Kyrgyzstan managed to spoil relations with one of the major geopolitical players in the region - its Turkic ally and one of the main investors, Erdogan's Turkey.
...In Turkey's back and Kazakhstan's chest
Official Bishkek, actually supporting the attempt of coup d’état in Turkey, refused to break with the terrorist dominance in the person of gulenists. The authorities of this country have refused to close gulenist schools, despite the common position of all the Turkic states in this painful issue for Turkey.
Kyrgyzstan and its current leader, oligarch Almazbek Atambayev, the former head of the corporation 'Kyrgyzavtomash,' who at the beginning of the 2000s topped the list of the richest people in the country, do not stop in means to bring extra money into the country. Gulen promises hundreds of millions of dollars of investment - so you can turn your back upon Erdogan.
Kyrgyzstan openly runs up to a conflict with Kazakhstan too. Just a few days ago, President Atambayev in an interview with Euronews laid on Kazakhstan responsibility for many deaths during the second revolution (or rather, a coup) of 2010. As is known, Astana then closed the border with its neighbor covered by a new wave of unrest. And now, the Kazakh Foreign Ministry demands from official Bishkek apology and clarification.
Apparently, shortly Kyrgyzstan will also have serious problems with Afghanistan and Pakistan. As prominent Kyrgyz political analyst Mars Sariev said in an interview to Azeri Daily, today there is accumulation of Islamic militants - natives of the CIS countries - on the border with Kyrgyzstan, and Bishkek is very concerned about the danger of their entry into the country. In recent years, in Central Asian countries, in the light of social unrest and economic turmoil, there is a new surge of Islamic radicalism. Not by chance the terrorist, who managed to induce terror in the night Istanbul, native of Uzbekistan Abdulgadir Sharipov lived in a rented apartment of his friends from Kyrgyzstan.
Vladimir Putin's last visit to Kyrgyzstan and other Central Asian countries is associated with concern caused by the new terrorist threat from Afghanistan.
Kyrgyzstan is not only clamped in a vice of general dynamic crisis and impending foreign policy threats, but also, spoiling relations with the world hegemons, the closest neighbors and its natural ally - Turkey, has found itself under an enormous burden of internal political problems. This includes everything - from the ethnic and religious strife to internal political conflicts.
And Putin says: 'It's none of our business!'
A few days ago, President Almazbek Atambayev with irony, though, but still spoke of the danger of a third revolution, confidently noting that previously he was himself the author of the two great disasters in his own country. Of course, the current president is somewhat stretching the truth, distorting the historical reality, and moving into the shadow Bakiyev, Aytbayeva, Felix Kulov, Roza Otunbayeva, and many others. And of course, thieves-in-law - the main allies of Bakiyev, who on horseback drove farmers to the central square of Bishkek during the Tulip Revolution that put an end to the power of botanist Askar Akayev, who had been so far away from the people and real politics.
Atambayev spoke of revolution in the presence of Russian President Vladimir Putin during his visit to Bishkek. And Putin muttered: 'It's none of our business!'
Atambayev nervous remark about the danger of the revolution, intended for the Russian president, was made immediately after the arrest of the leader of the Kyrgyz opposition, Omurbek Tekebayev. That is also someone whom the current president forgot to mention in his speech. After all, it was Tekebayev, and not Atambayev, who accepted the resignation of the first President, Akayev. Tekebayev is considered the main organizer of the first Tulip Revolution. And during the second revolution, he as a deputy chairman of the interim government at the root thwarted an attempt of revenge of supporters of the ousted President Bakiyev.
It seems that the current leader of the opposition and leader of the parliamentary minority Tekebayev also stands at the cradle of the third revolution, which Atambayev is trying to stifle.
Why was Tekebayev arrested? Just a few days before, the leader of the opposition asked the president publicly, on what means he had bought a residence worth $5 million. He accused Atambayev of capturing elite land plots near Bishkek, which previously belonged to the ousted president Bakiyev, who had been in absentia sentenced to 24 years imprisonment. They say, freedom-loving Kyrgyzs didn't bring their lives as a sacrifice on the altar of revolution for corruption and police arbitrariness to blossom again on the relics of these fighters.
To Tekebayev's uncomfortable question Atambayev responded with repression. The leader of the Kyrgyz opposition was accused of taking bribes in 2010 (!), but for some reason he was arrested on his return from Vienna not by employees of the Prosecutor General's Office or the Ministry of the Interior, but by the security services. Now he is being held in the prison of the State Security Service. Many supporters of Tekebayev have also been detained.
Head of the transitional government after the second revolution Roza Otunbayeva has also accused the current government of the betrayal of the revolution's conquests, restoring the foundations of a police state, and carrying out repressive policies. Another leader of the Tulip Revolution called on the people to massive disobedience and the fight against the formation of a new authoritarian regime. The situation in the country is tense to the extreme, society is split, and the danger of a third revolution again looms over Bishkek.
One of the leading experts on Central Asia, journalist Arkady Dubnov does not doubt that Tekebayev's case will lead to a powerful social explosion in the country. And in this boiling situation Atambayev said that despite his presidential term expiring this year, he intends to remain in politics, and to complete the so-called initiated reforms. Atambayev's statement has further aggravated the situation.
One Judas' kiss for Baku too
And being in the face of nearly insurmountable political problems, external threats, and socio-economic tensions (as expert Gulnara Uskenbaeva affirms, they kill competition and raise prices for everything), the Kyrgyz government has managed to enter into a confrontation with another important state in the region - Azerbaijan.
And Atambayev made a confrontation with official Baku virtually from scratch. At the recently held in Islamabad summit of the Organization for Economic Cooperation, where President Ilham Aliyev participated, the final statement reflected political points, in particular, on the Karabakh conflict, 'which was an obstacle to economic development and full realization of the potential of the region.' The document also noted the factor of foreign occupation.
Quite unexpectedly, the Kyrgyz Foreign Ministry suddenly refused to join the political points of the statement that caused quite an angry reaction from the Azerbaijani Foreign Ministry. Official Baku one after another announced several statements full of indignation, asking a fair question: 'Whose mill does Bishkek bring grist to?'
Kyrgyz Foreign Ministry answered a day later. However, the statement of Bishkek was more than vague, flowery, evasive and, instead of answering direct questions, caused new confusion in Baku. This was a common formulation meaning nothing, that they support the territorial integrity of all countries, with which they have established diplomatic relations. And its refusal to support the political points of the final declaration the Kyrgyz Ministry of Foreign Affairs explained with the reluctance of the politicization of economic cooperation.
Excuse me, but why from the eleven countries participating in the summit, only Bishkek thought about the politicization of economic cooperation?
Why suddenly such dishonesty? What achieves Bishkek by antagonizing another country in the region? Aren't problems with the aforementioned countries and neighbors enough? Why does Atambayev need another conflict in this difficult political situation for him? Or maybe someone whispered something in his ear? So tell us - who?
With such ingratitude Bishkek repaid the economic and diplomatic support from Azerbaijan over the years! In Bishkek, they have apparently forgotten that the Kyrgyz Embassy in Baku exists almost at the expense of the Azerbaijani government? Kyrgyz Foreign Ministry cannot afford to provide their own embassy with cars, and a helping hand was extended by the country, where Bishkek diplomats reside. A step, hitherto unprecedented in diplomatic practice. But if our Turkic brothers were unable to provide their own diplomats with cars, why not help the fraternal Kyrgyzstan, decided in Baku!
But Kyrgyzstan in vitally important issue for Azerbaijan avoids harsh language, speaking out against the imaginary politicization from unclear motives for Baku.
Maybe Atambayev decided to go in the footsteps of Akayev - not only in relation to his own people, but also in relation to the Karabakh settlement so important for Azerbaijan. Maybe he seeks to please Yerevan, which continues its treacherous occupation policy against Turkic Azerbaijan?
Well, if Bishkek craves confrontation, it will get it. Baku seriously attended to the unclear intentions of the current authorities in Kyrgyzstan. After all, true friends and Turkic brothers do not act in such a way. Quo Vadis?