Our Analytics 28 november — 19:12

Parliament that impeded the President (Leading article)

275

BY EYNULLA FATULLAYEV

In Azerbaijan, not only the face of power is changing, but also its concept, nature and essence. Over the past months, Ilham Aliyev has actually changed the structurally functionalist interpretation of the Azerbaijani government.

With the era of political stabilisation, which began after two dangerous attempts at a coup d'etat in 2003 and 2005, about which the president spoke in detail in his recent speeches to students, the president’s main mission ended: a stable and unshakeable political system was formed in Azerbaijan.

Only the strong hand stopped the orange plague

Although after open rebellions in the fat 2000s, the revanchist part of the opposition in the person of national democrats, with the support of the authors of the theory of the world permanent geopolitical revolution, still tried to repeatedly change the status quo, fuelling rebellious sentiments in the society. In 2010, right before the parliamentary elections, and in 2013, in the midst of the so-called Facebook revolution, the national democrats and representatives of the new underground opposition did not abandon vain attempts to rock the situation through manipulative influence on public consciousness with the help of the new social media information phenomenon.

New political system knocked out underground opposition on the eve of the Facebook revolution

Aliev's homogeneous government, precisely thanks to the stable and unshakeable political system, called the executive vertical by political technologists, managed to stop in Azerbaijan the infringement of the ghost of the world revolution roaming the East.

After achieving absolute and unbreakable political stability in the format of sovereign democracy, President Ilham Aliyev, relying on a strong vote of public confidence, announced the advent of a new era: economic reformation. For a qualitative transformation of the economy, its diversification and transformation into a free market - in the full sense of the word - the head of state needed a new structural-functionalist government with separation of management and execution functions. The first step towards decentralisation was the formation of a new technocratic Cabinet of Ministers led by experienced economy executive and administrator Ali Asadov.

Previously, built into the executive vertical of the Presidential Administration, the soviet-style Cabinet of Ministers to a greater extent possessed notarial and representative functions. By and large, the management of the economy was carried out by the Presidential Administration and key oligarch-ministers. In a stormy period of cataclysms, such a relationalist approach, which predetermined the formation of an uncontested executive vertical and urgent manual control, played a decisive role in political stabilisation. Decentralisation and branching of the government could have a detrimental effect on the tense domestic political situation. Government had to show iron will. It was possible to stop the growth of centrifugal forces and achieve systemic stabilisation against the backdrop of the 'eternal Karabakh fire' with the help of a strong hand.

Aliyev's power vertical also coped with this historical task, saving Azerbaijan from the Ukrainian-Georgian, and then the Arab scenario in their worst manifestation and execution.

However, the stage has begun, as noted above, of economic transformation. Without an economically developed and prosperous society, which determines systemic political stability, it is impossible to predetermine new stages of political and social development for the country.

Ilham Aliyev, in the best traditions of the author of the 'Singaporean economic miracle,' found strength and managed to critically look at the political and economic structure of Azerbaijan. Incredibly courageous act for a leader of a party in power. With all the successes and achievements, the president has revealed many flaws and shortcomings in this formation. Indeed, Azerbaijan no longer needs an opposition, for the president took on this role, mercilessly criticising the errors of the bureaucratic class and the imperfection of the conservative system. Ilham Aliyev is headed for accelerated political and economic reforms. The president has publicly announced a revolution from above.

Ilham Aliyev as the country's main opposition

The head of state began with the transformation of the executive branch, his administration and the Cabinet of Ministers. Then restructuring in the government began, and the president gave carte blanche to a new generation of technocratic ministers.

This summer, judicial reform was announced. Ilham Aliyev was dissatisfied with corruption and non-procedural relations within the judiciary, which was reflected in his historic spring decree. And in the very near future, Ilham Aliyev will undoubtedly bring to the end the reform that has been started and restore final order in the national legal proceedings: the legal guarantor of the upcoming economic reforms.

Naturally, the branching of state power was to find its further logical continuation. Azerbaijan vitally needs a new, responsible and self-sufficient parliament. Responding to the spirit of reform and transformation. Frankly, the president was dissatisfied with the Milli Majlis in its current state. In recent years, the comprador parliament, which increasingly looks like a 'Boyar Duma,' has limited itself to the role of an appendage of the executive branch, a kind of formal pseudo-legislative assembly, and has moved away from its vital and sought-after mission: lawmaking. Parliament has lost both the confidence of the president and the blessing of voters. Although, in fairness, we recognise that within the walls of parliament there were also worthy people's representatives. And in all likelihood, voters will once again cast their votes for these deputies.

Where to go with this 'Boyar Duma'?

At such an epochal climax in the reforms, the Milli Majlis simply fell out of the political circle. Alas, in general, this parliament did not meet the high moral and intellectual requirements imposed by the president on all representatives of his new team.

Of course, the parliament is elected by the people. And so one would like this time, in early parliamentary elections, for voters to keep up with the president and his new time by voting for a completely different pleiad of lawmakers: professional politicians, lawyers, economists...

Vox Populi, Vox Dei

Of course, the question may arise: wasn't it possible to wait for the next autumn, because the next parliamentary elections are a stone's throw. Just one instant. After all, the current parliament has only one spring to meet, retiring for the summer holidays. Yes, the ruling New Azerbaijan Party, of course, could wait for the next autumn. However, the economic reformation begun by the president cannot wait; acceleration can drown and suffocate. At stake is the adoption of critical and urgent laws and regulations. And the current parliament is powerless, untenable and paralysed, and with such parliamentarism, the president cannot move on.

The government is approaching the final stage of reforms, including the fundamental transformation of the country's financial, banking, and judicial systems. That is why, putting political expediency at the forefront, the New Azerbaijan Party, the parliamentary majority party, has taken a difficult and generally risky decision from the point of view of domestic political activisation and growth of centrifugal forces, but the decision on the need for self-dissolution of the current convocation of the Milli Majlis is natural in terms of accelerating reforms. Undoubtedly, this high political responsibility will strengthen the authority of the ruling party. To give away with your own hands parliamentary power and abolish your victory in the name of future changes is an example of a high political culture and awareness of the president's chosen strategy to accelerate historically significant reforms.

Latest news