Caucasus Reality 6 december — 13:35

In Yerevan, Russians promised to 'return' Nakhchivan to Armenia



The first meeting of the Russian-Armenian 'Lazarev Club' was held in Yerevan. And despite the fact that it was not honoured with his high attention by Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan, which caused many pro-Armenian analysts to have a nervous reaction, the event itself was more than saturated.

Even the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan responded, which, as Azeri Daily already reported, released a special statement.

The 'Lazarev Club' meeting in Yerevan

Recall that it notes that one of the main initiators and organisers of the work of this club, which positions itself as a new format of public diplomacy, is Konstantin Zatulin, who in the current, seventh convocation of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, is the first deputy chairman of the CIS, Eurasian integration and relations with compatriots Committee.

'The invitation by the organisers of representatives of the illegal regime created in the territories of the Republic of Azerbaijan occupied by the Republic of Armenia, as well as the statements made by K.Zatulin himself, the former chairman of the Council of Foreign Ministry veterans of Russia, having the rank of Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Ambassador Vladimir Kazimirov, and the deputy director headed by K.Zatulin Institute of the CIS countries Vladimir Yevseyev and some other persons, containing open attacks on sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Republic of Azerbaijan are aimed at causing damage to the existing high level of cooperation between Azerbaijan and Russia,' said that statement.

Meanwhile, another aspect of the 'Lazarev meeting' remained behind the scenes. According to the Lragir publication, Armenians were allegedly promised Nakhchivan and an audit of the 1921 treaty.

'The Karabakh problem was publicly discussed, but according to rumours, behind the scenes, representatives of the Russian side talked about Nakhchivan and assured that at the upcoming meeting they would turn to the Russian-Turkish Moscow Treaty of 1921, according to which the Armenian lands were transferred to Turkey and Azerbaijan,' Yerevan edition writes.

And it continues: 'If the (Lazarev) Club really set out to strengthen relations and the Armenian-Russian friendship, then it can't do without revising this agreement. Obviously, without solving this task, the Armenian-Russian friendship will remain a thousand-year phantom, a fiction.'

Azerbaijani political scientist Teymur Atayev, who has been studying the events in the region at the beginning of the 20th century for many years, in an interview with Azeri Daily, noted that such attempts by the Armenian side are registered not for the first time.

Konstantin Zatulin

'But let us first turn to some points of the Moscow Treaty of March 16, 1921. First of all, the government of the RSFSR and the Grand National Assembly of Turkey agreed 'in principle not to recognise any peace treaties or other international acts, which would otherwise be enforced on the parties.'

Article 3 fixed the consent of Moscow and Ankara that 'the Nakhchivan region within the boundaries specified in the annex to this treaty forms an autonomous territory under the auspices of Azerbaijan, provided that Azerbaijan does not cede this protectorate to any third state.'

As was emphasised, 'in the triangle-forming zone of the Nakhchevan territory, included between the thalweg of Araxes (Aras) river, and in the west a line passing through the mountains of Dagna, Veli-Dag, Bagarzik, Komurlu-Dag, the border line of the specified territory, starting from Mount Komurlu-Dag, passing through the mountain Soray-Bulak station Ararat and ending at the crossing of Kara-Su with Araxes will be corrected by the Commission, consisting of delegates from Turkey, Azerbaijan and Armenia,' Teymur Atayev quotes the agreement.

It was recorded that any resident of the territories that constituted part of Russia before 1918, which the RSFSR government 'recognises as being under the sovereignty of Turkey on the basis of this treaty,' was entitled to 'freely leave Turkey,' taking with them 'their property or its value.'

Teymur Atayev

'One remembers that when in 2016 State Duma deputies from the Communist Party of the Russian Federation Valery Rashkin and Sergey Obukhov appealed to Russian President Vladimir Putin with a proposal to terminate the 1921 agreement, another parliamentarian Oleg Pakholkov (Fair Russia), who generally supported the voiced initiative, in an interview to Azeri Daily emphasised that the denunciation of the Moscow agreements of 1921 'does not have obvious political and legal consequences' and 'all states will remain within the borders, in which they exist today.'

To change the generally recognised borders, 'a new war is needed,' but, as Oleg Pakholkov noted, 'Russia is not going to fight with Turkey.'

It is interesting how sincerely in the current geopolitical conditions, some political forces in Armenia consider the revision of the 1921 Moscow Treaty of Russia with a NATO member to be real? Hasn’t the story of the failed attempt by the Stalin regime to voice this question taught anything? With a similar development of events, this will be a direct confrontation of the Russian Federation with the forces of the North Atlantic Alliance,' said Teymur Atayev.

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